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Each message can have various labels assigned to it as a means of classification. A label has a name; different names mean different labels. Any given label is either present or absent on a particular message. A few label names have standard meanings and are given to messages automatically by Rmail when appropriate; these special labels are called attributes. All other labels are assigned by the user.
Specifying an empty string for one these commands means to use the last label specified for any of these commands.
The a (
rmail-add-label) and k
rmail-kill-label) commands allow you to assign or remove any
label on the current message. If the label argument is empty, it
means to assign or remove the label most recently assigned or
Once you have given messages labels to classify them as you wish, there are two ways to use the labels: in moving and in summaries.
The command C-M-n labels RET
rmail-next-labeled-message) moves to the next message that has one
of the labels labels. labels is one or more label names,
separated by commas. C-M-p (
is similar, but moves backwards to previous messages. A preceding numeric
argument to either one serves as a repeat count.
The command C-M-l labels RET
rmail-summary-by-labels) displays a summary containing only the
messages that have at least one of a specified set of messages. The
argument labels is one or more label names, separated by commas.
See section 8. Summaries, for information on summaries.
If the labels argument to C-M-n, C-M-p or C-M-l is empty, it means to use the last set of labels specified for any of these commands.
Some labels such as `deleted' and `filed' have built-in meanings and are assigned to or removed from messages automatically at appropriate times; these labels are called attributes. Here is a list of Rmail attributes:
rmail-reply). See section 9. Sending Replies.
rmail-forward). See section 9. Sending Replies.
All other labels are assigned or removed only by the user, and it is up to the user to decide what they mean.
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